Research indicates that oil and gas operations can adversely impact children directly or through impacts on their communities and families. For example, poorly managed oil and gas activity can lead to conflict between countries and within communities by exacerbating disputes over access to natural resources. Additionally, issues such as access to land, treatment of children by security forces, in-migration leading to an over-burdening on schools, housing and clinics has adverse impacts on children. The environmental impact of these operations also must be considered as children are generally more vulnerable to environmental hazards than adults, particularly in terms of water and air pollution.
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