My name is Ruth Kesia Simatupang. I live with my parents in the suburbs of Medan City, Indonesia. I live with my father who is a parking guard, my mother who is a scavenger and my younger sister who is 13-years-old and studying in second grade in middle school. She also works as scavenger. I started working on the street when I was 10-years-old. I work because my parents are struggling to pay our school costs, and since I am afraid of dropping out, I decided to work with my mother.
Initially I worked as a street singer. I was very tired because I had to work under the sun every day. My schoolmates also bullied me. In addition, I worried that the Civil Service Police Unit would arrest me. I worked as a street singer for three years.
Then, I worked as a street vendor. However, since I had to compete with other street vendors, I had a very low income. Therefore, I changed jobs and started to work as a scavenger with my mother. Together we collect rubbish. When I work, I face risks of traffic accidents and scolding. I also get tired because I go to school in the morning and work in the afternoon, and I do not have enough time to take a rest.
However, there are also benefits of working. When I work on the street, I meet many people and I have made friends. I feel proud and happy because I can earn my own money for my school. I also appreciate my parents more as I realise how hard they work to earn money.
My name is Fauza Ananda. I live with my parents near Pinang Baris bus station, this area is the border between the suburbs and central of Medan City.
I live with my father who is a bus driver and my mother who sells yoghurt. I have a sister who is 12-years-old who is studyin gin middle school and two brothers who also study in elementary school.
I dropped out from school because I fought with my friend, but when I decided to return to school, my parents could not afford my school costs, so I took thee quality program to take my middle school certificate.
So far, I have done different types of works to earn money to support my family. I used to work as a bus cleaner. I cleaned buses from morning to evening. However, since the work made me vulnerable to traffic accidents and abuse, especially at night, I decided to quit my job.
Then, I worked as a transporter at a drinking water refill station. I found the work was quite easy. Unfortunately, one day, I was in a traffic accident and my employer fired me because of the accident.
Then, I worked in a silk screening company. The work was very exhausting because I had to go up and down stairs to transport the materials — 15 kilos five times a day — and I was afraid of falling down, but I continued to work to help my family. I made up my mind to continue working in the silk screening company although the salary was lower. The good things about working in the silk screening company are that I do not need to work under the sun anymore and I can work with kind and humorous people.
In September 2016, we had the chance to become part of the It’s Time to Talk campaign. When I was involved in the Time to Talk campaign for the first time, I was afraid. However, after participating in the first meeting, I was motivated to learn more about the rights of the child, especially the rights of working children. I was also happy because I got to know more people and make new friends. We have learned a lot of things, especially about working children and we have felt connected to other working children all over the world.
Through It’s Time to Talk more than 1,800 working children across 36 countries were able to share their views and messages. Children shared different reasons and motivations for their work. They work because their family is poor. They also work to help their parents do their work at home so that they can finish it sooner and get more money. Some children work to get new skills and experiences. Some work to pay education costs. Children sometimes work because their parents are sick or dead so that they have to work to meet their basic needs. Some children are proud of their work because by working, they can help their parents.
In Indonesia, we are part of the Children’s Advisory Committee for It’s Time Talk. We have been involved in meetings to make recommendations for policy and programs to improve the lives of children not only in Indonesia, but also all over the world. We met with Government ministers in Jakarta to share our experiences and messages. The messages include protection from harmful work and children’s greater access to quality education and health services without discrimination. We also hope the government will create child-friendly cities. Some of us work in hazardous places until late at night. Therefore, we hope thegovernment will make a policy to ensure that children are protected from abuse and exploitation.
We think the government needs to offer fairer development programs in urban and rural areas so that all families have access to good services and good jobs. This would help prevent parents from leaving their villages to go and work in a city. It is also important to provide parents with necessary skills to enable them to run their own business and ensure that they will not be dependent on others.
In our meeting with government ministers in Jakarta, we discussed how businesses have an important role to play to improve children’s lives. Big business should not threaten small businesses, as this makes it difficult for our parents and family members to earn a good living. Big business should find ways to support small businesses and skill training for parents and youth from poor families so that our basic needs can be met and we can fulfill our dreams.
In other Time to Talk consultations, working children from different parts of the world shared messages to improve education and vocational skill training. Businesses can support good quality education for all children. The business sector could also share and use their profits to hold life skills training and provide business capital for disabled children and school dropouts so they can improve their lives.
The Government also needs to make a policy or law on child labour that includes rules for the business sector to ensure that they will protect children from harmful work and abuse, and not exploit children. Businesses should not allow children to do hazardous workor heavy work. Children should not be exploited – girls and boys should not be asked to work long hoursor paid low wages. If we work we should be paid fair wages and working conditions should be improved.
We have a dream that there will be joint efforts between children, families, communities, governments and the business sector to promote and fulfill children’s rights.
We really encourage businesses to listen to working children like us because so far, adult workers are more appreciated and prioritised than child workers. We also hope our voice will be heard and our work will be appreciated.
Children are also part of business – as consumers and workers, including indirect workers who help theirparents do their work at home.
We want you to improve the quality of lives for children, especially us, the working children.
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This year’s Global Child Forum welcomed heads of state and heads of companies, leaders from civil society and learners from across South America and beyond. All came together with the goal of providing the region’s children with the best possible path to productive adulthood. All came together with the belief that the business sector is key to achieving that goal. Nearly 400 delegates gathered in the FIESP building on Avenida Paulista in São Paulo, its soaring modernist architecture a fitting backdrop for tackling a far-reaching children’s rights agenda. Read the Forum report — full of inspiration, ideas for action and case stories.
What are the reasons for making children’s voices an integral part of a business’s processes? What are the benefits and challenges of implementing children’s participation? These questions were discussed by speakers representing various sectors at the Global Child Forum at the Royal Palace in April 2018.
In an effort to provide insights and guidance on how businesses protect – or fall short in protecting – children’s rights in the Nordic Region, this report draws on one of Global Child Forum’s essential research products: The corporate sector and children’s rights benchmark. More specifically, insights are provided across three areas where the corporate sector impacts children’s rights: The Workplace, The Marketplace, The Community and the Environment. In 2016, Global Child Forum, in partnership with Boston Consulting Group, published a benchmark study of the 299 largest companies in the region. This report is a follow-up to that study. An updated benchmark analysis has been conducted on 20 of the region’s largest companies.
In an effort to provide insights and guidance on how businesses protect – or fall short in protecting – children’s rights in the Southeast Asia region, this report makes use of two essential Global Child Forum research products: The Children Rights and Business Atlas and The corporate sector and children’s rights benchmark. More specifically, insights are provided across three areas where the corporate sector impacts children’s rights: The Workplace, The Marketplace, The Community and the Environment. Throughout this report, data from the Atlas highlights contextual factors that shape how companies can and should respond to children’s rights. This information is contrasted with the results of the Benchmark scoring for the 20 largest companies in Southeast Asia. A gap analysis provides recommendations for company actions that address risks and create positive impact on children’s rights in the region.
This is Tran Thanh Nam, a former bartender and current employee at Cuong Phat Pottery Company in Binh Duong, Vietnam. At the tender age of 15, Nam decided to drop out of school and the world of education behind. "I wasn’t very mature back then" he says. When Nam left school, finding a decent age-appropriate job was difficult, leaving him with no option but to take high-risk jobs like bartending until late at night. But since early 2018, Nam, now 17, has been working at Cuong Phat Pottery Company. The factory is taking part in a youth development programme which creates opportunities for out-of-school youth such as Nam. This has been a new chance for Nam, changing his life. This is one of four stories profiled in, "Four countries. Four stories” - a film collaboration between Global Child Forum and CCR CSR. The video gives voice to children who talk about the impacts of businesses on their lives. #ChildrensVoices
15-year-old Warwar Nwe was just ten years old when she had to drop out of school. “My father had to go to Yangon to get medical treatment and so, our whole family came along with him to Yangon,” she says with a sense of sadness. In Yangon, Warwar Nwe missed her old life: “I felt very sad and cried. I couldn’t see my friends and teachers anymore.” But when Warwar Nwe was 14 she heard about a garment factory recruiting young workers. This is the story about how a business initiative positively can change the life for children. It is one of four stories profiled in, "Children's Voices” - a film collaboration between Global Child Forum and CCR CSR. The video gives voice to children who talk about the impacts of businesses on their lives. #ChildrensVoices
Businesses, investors and organisations alike need to understand how their actions impact children’s rights across the globe. The Children’s Rights and Business Atlas, developed with UNICEF, is the first comprehensive resource to guide companies in assessing risks to children within industry sectors and regions of operation.
ISS is one of the world’s leading facility services providers, employing approximately 500,000 people across 5 continents. This Deep Dive explores the policies the corporate group has put in place to safeguard children’s rights. From the supply chain to their direct business operation in for example schools and kindergartens, the company is taking measures to address risks posed to children.
“It’s not about the adults setting restrictions on their interactions with children: it’s the children who set their own boundaries and the adults have to understand how to act in respect of that.” Lo Hjorth, Director People & Culture, ISS Facility Services AB, Sweden
Under the theme “Mobility & Connectivity: Children’s Rights and Sustainable Business”, Forum attendees were inspired through plenary panels and solution-driven ActionLabs sessions. The Forum highlighted opportunities to advance children’s rights presented by fast technological progress, a young, growing workforce and the expanding travel and tourism in the region and explored how stakeholders could ensure that children’s rights are respected and fulfilled. Read the report!
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